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    類型中英文對照-建筑材料

  • 上傳人:Ja****He
  • 文檔編號:3812218
  • 上傳時間:2017-08-24
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    1、Civil Engineering Materials,Words and Phases,Catalogue,Chapter 1 Basic Properties of MaterialsChapter 2 Air Hardening Inorganic Binding MaterialsChapter 3 CementChapter 4 Ordinary ConcreteChapter 5 Construction MortarChapter 6 Wall MaterialsChapter 7 Building SteelsChapter 8 Water Proofing Materials

    2、Chapter 9 Bituminous Mixture,Catalogue,Chapter 1 Basic Properties of MaterialsChapter 2 Air Hardening Inorganic Binding MaterialsChapter 3 CementChapter 4 Ordinary ConcreteChapter 5 Construction MortarChapter 6 Wall MaterialsChapter 7 Building SteelsChapter 8 Water Proofing MaterialsChapter 9 Bitumi

    3、nous Mixture,Chapter 1,Basic Properties of Materials,Back,Words and Phases,material 材料density 密度apparent density 表觀密度bulk density 堆積密度solidity 密實度porosity 孔隙率 pore 孔隙voidage 空隙率void 空隙,Chapter 1,Words and Phases,strength 強度elasticity 彈性plasticity 塑性 brittleness 脆性toughness 韌性durability 耐久性compressiv

    4、e strength 抗壓強度tensile strength 抗拉強度shearing strength 抗剪強度,Chapter 1,Words and Phases,bending strength 抗彎強度deformation 變形bending strength 抗彎強度deformation 變形stole 石材cement 水泥concrete 砼mortar 砂漿glass 玻璃,Chapter 1,Words and Phases,pottery陶瓷steel 鋼材wood 木材wetting angle 潤濕角hydrophilic property親水性hydropho

    5、bic property憎水性 water-absorbing quality 吸水性water absorption吸水率water percentage 含水率,Chapter 1,Words and Phases,specific absorption of quality質量吸水率specific absorption of volume體積吸水率water percentage of quality質量含水率hygroscopic 吸濕性water resistance 耐水性 saturation 飽和,Back,Chapter 2,Air Hardening Inorganic

    6、Binding Materials,Back,Back,Words and Phases,binding materials膠凝材料organic materials有機材料inorganic materials無機材料air hardening inorganic binding materials 氣硬性無機膠凝材料hydraulic binding materials 水硬性膠凝材料gypsum 石膏lime 石灰setting 凝結,Chapter 2,Words and Phases,hardening 硬化slaking 消化hydration水化 quick lime 生石灰sl

    7、aked lime熟石灰ground quick lime 生石灰粉ground quick lime 生石灰粉ground hydrated lime熟石灰粉lime paste 石灰膏 asphalt瀝青,Chapter 2,Words and Phases,compound material-tackiness agent 合成材料-膠粘劑 admixture 外加劑fineness 細度plastering 抹灰rendering 粉刷calcium quick lime鈣質生石灰 high-magnesium quick lime鎂質生石,Chapter 2,Words and Ph

    8、ases,dolomite ground slaked lime 白云石消石灰粉over-burnt lime 過火石灰under-burnt lime 欠火石灰crystallization 結晶carbonization 碳化soundness 體積安定性water retentivity保水性shrinkage 收縮,Chapter 2,Words and Phases,lime paste 石灰漿milk of lime 石灰乳silicate products硅酸鹽制品carbonated lime board碳化石灰板 lime-sand brick 灰砂磚active blend

    9、ed materials 活性混合料,Back,Chapter 3,Cement,Back,Words and Phases,Portland cement:波特蘭水泥(硅酸鹽水泥)Ordinary Portland cement: 普通硅酸鹽水泥ordinary Portland cement: 普通硅酸鹽水泥furnance-slag cement: 礦渣硅酸鹽水泥Portland Pozzlana cement: 火山灰質硅酸鹽水泥Portland fly-ash cement: 粉煤灰硅酸鹽水泥composite Portland cement: 復合水泥high-alumina ce

    10、ment: 高鋁水泥,Chapter 3,Words and Phases,magnesium-oxy-chloride cement: 氯氧鎂水泥general cement: 通用水泥special cement: 專用水泥characteristic cement: 特性水泥aluminous cement: 鋁酸鹽水泥sulfoaluminate cement: 硫鋁酸鹽水泥,Chapter 3,Words and Phases,hydraulicity: 水硬性plasticity: 可塑性durability: 耐久性aggregates: 骨料silicate: 硅酸鹽anti-

    11、corrosion: 抗腐蝕freezing resistance: 抗凍anchor: 錨固clay: 粘土limestone: 石灰石,Chapter 3,Words and Phases,carbon dioxide: 二氧化碳(CO2)calcium oxide: 氧化鈣(CaO)tricalcium silicate: 硅酸三鈣dicalcium silicate: 硅酸二鈣tricalcium aluminate: 鋁酸三鈣tetracalcium aluminoferrite: 鐵鋁酸四鈣shrinkage: 收縮calcium hydroxide: 氫氧化鈣calcium si

    12、licate hydrate: 水化硅酸鈣sulfate: 硫酸鹽,Chapter 3,Words and Phases,masonry: 砌筑calcium aluminate hydrate: 水化鋁酸鈣calcium ferrite hydrate: 水化鐵酸鈣ettringite: 水化硫鋁酸鈣(鈣礬石)paste: 漿體initial period: 初始反應期induction period: 潛伏期capillaries: 毛細管fineness: 細度,Chapter 3,Words and Phases,specific surface area: 比表面積screening

    13、 method: 篩分析法negative pressure sieving method: 負壓篩法water pressure sieving method: 水篩法dry sieving method: 干篩法normal consistency: 標準稠度initial Setting: 初凝時間,Chapter 3,Words and Phases,final setting: 終凝時間soundness: 體積安定性poor dimensional stability: 體積安定性不良disassociated: 游離的bacillus: 桿狀菌Le chatelier sound

    14、ness test: 雷氏夾法mortar: 砂漿compressive strength: 抗壓強度bending strength: 抗折強度,Back,Chapter 4,Ordinary Concrete,Back,Words and Phases,ordinary concrete: 普通混凝土high strength concrete: 高強混凝土deposit concrete: 現澆混凝土precast concrete: 預制混凝土premixed concrete: 預拌混凝土plain concrete: 素混凝土prestressed concrete: 預應力混凝土

    15、reinforced concrete: 鋼筋混凝土,Chapter 4,Words and Phases,shotcrete concrete: 噴射混凝土mass concrete: 大體積混凝土concrete pumping: 泵送混凝土plasticity: 塑性durability: 耐久性ingredient: 組成材料aggregate: 骨料coarse aggregate: 粗骨料,Chapter 4,Words and Phases,impurities: 有害雜質mica: 云母silt: 淤泥organic substance: 有機物sulphide: 硫化物sul

    16、phate: 硫酸鹽chloride: 氯化物,Chapter 4,Words and Phases,unit screening rate: 分計篩余百分率accumulated screening rate: 累計篩余百分率grading region: 級配區grading curve: 級配曲線fineness modulus: 細度模數optimized Sp: 合理砂率deformation: 變形,Chapter 4,Words and Phases,alkali-aggregate reaction: 堿骨料反應potassium: 鉀sodium: 鈉gravel: 碎石sc

    17、ree: 卵石insoluble matter: 不溶物,Chapter 4,Words and Phases,sequent Gradation: 連續級配discontinuous Gradation: 間斷級配single Gradation: 單粒級igneous rock: 火成巖metamorphic rock: 變質巖aqueous rock: 水成巖crushing index: 壓碎指標,Chapter 4,Words and Phases,soluble matter: 可溶物concrete admixture: 混凝土外加劑rheological behavior: 流

    18、變性water-reducing admixture: 減水劑air entraining admixture: 引氣劑pumping aid: 泵送劑set retarder: 緩凝劑,Chapter 4,Words and Phases,hardening accelerating: 早強劑flash setting admixture: 速凝劑water-repellent admixture: 防水劑anti-freezing admixture: 阻銹劑expanding admixture: 膨脹劑anti-freezing admixture: 防凍劑coloring admix

    19、ture: 著色劑surfactant: 表面活性劑,Chapter 4,Words and Phases,hydrophilic group: 親水基團hydrophobic group: 憎水基團flocculation structure: 絮凝結構Lignin sulfonate water-reducing admixture: 木質素減水劑large moulding: 大模板sliding formwork: 滑模施工Naphthalene sulfonate water-reducing admixture: 萘系減水劑,Chapter 4,Words and Phases,r

    20、esinous water-reducing admixtures: 樹脂系減水劑chloride hardening accelerator: 氯鹽類早強劑sulfate hardening accelerator: 硫酸鹽類早強劑organic amine hardening accelerator: 有機胺類早強劑rosin soap: 松香皂rosin pyrolytic polymer: 松香熱聚物molasses: 糖蜜citric: 檸檬酸sodium aluminates: 鋁酸鈉calcium aluminates: 鋁酸鈣,Chapter 4,Words and Phase

    21、s,caulking engineering: 堵漏工程initial setting time: 初凝時間final setting time: 終凝時間impermeability: 抗滲性mineral admixture: 礦物摻合料fly ash: 粉煤灰silica fume: 硅粉grounded slag: 磨細礦渣,Chapter 4,Words and Phases,sintered clay: 燒粘土zeolite: 沸石粉volcanic tuff: 火山凝灰巖equal replacement: 等量取代法excess replacement: 超量取代法adscit

    22、itious: 外摻法silica fume: 硅粉ferrosilicon: 硅鐵合金silicon steel.: 硅鋼,Chapter 4,Words and Phases,workability: 和易性fresh concrete: 新拌混凝土mobility: 流動性viscidity: 粘聚性water retention: 保水性workability: 和易性slump: 坍落度viscosity: 粘性segregation:離析bleeding:泌水slump: 坍落度vebe consistometer test: 維勃稠度試驗,Chapter 4,Words and

    23、Phases,dry shrinkage: 干縮cold contract: 冷縮volume decrease: 體積減縮settlement: 沉縮lastic shrinkage: 塑性收縮bleeding path: 泌水通道one-axis static compression: 單軸靜態受壓elastic limit: 比例極限critic load: 臨界荷載ultimate load: 極限荷載,Chapter 4,Words and Phases,cubic compressive strength: 立方體抗壓強度specimen: 試件prism compressive

    24、strength: 軸心抗壓強度tensile strength: 抗拉強度bending strength: 抗折強度velocity mixing: 高速攪拌ultrasonic vibration: 聲波攪拌high frequency vibration: 高頻振幅multi frequency vibration: 多頻振幅,Chapter 4,Words and Phases,extra-coefficient of cement: 水泥富余系數natural cure: 自然養護steam cure: 蒸汽養護autoclaved cure: 蒸壓養護age: 齡期hoop ef

    25、fect: 環箍效應anti-permeability: 抗滲性anti-corrosion: 抗侵蝕性anti-carbonate: 抗碳化性,Chapter 4,Words and Phases,anti-abrasion: 耐磨損carbonation: 碳化mix Proportion Design: 配合比設計design of preliminary mix: 初步配合比設計ascertaining the basic mix proportion: 基準本配合比的確定laboratory mix Proportion: 實驗室配合比working Mix Proportion:

    26、施工配合比absolute volume: 絕對體積法assume an apparent density: 假定表觀密度法,Back,Chapter 5,Construction Mortar,Back,Words and Phases,masonry mortar 砌筑砂漿surface mortar 抹面砂漿especial mortar特殊砂漿cement mortar水泥砂漿lime mortar石灰砂漿mix mortar混合砂漿rubble masonry 毛石砌體brickwork磚砌體,Chapter 5,Words and Phases,hilly sand 山砂furna

    27、ce slag 爐渣expansion cement膨脹水泥component adapter構件接頭structure reinforcement結構加固crackle mending裂紋修補smooth flour-milling jointing 光滑磨面勾縫,Chapter 5,Words and Phases,mobility(consistency)流動性(稠度)fresh mortar 新拌砂漿hardened mortar 硬化砂漿workability 和易性water dosage 用水量sinking degree沉入量consistometer of mortar 砂漿

    28、稠度儀,Chapter 5,Words and Phases,laminate分層layering degree 分層度dense substrate (imhygrophanous beds) 密實基層(不吸水基層,如石材)porous substrate (hygrophanous beds) 多孔基層(吸水基層)empirical coefficient經驗系數cement mix mortar 水泥混合砂漿 cement mortar 水泥砂漿,Chapter 5,Words and Phases,adhesion stress 粘結力substrate 基底材料mix ratio d

    29、esign of mortar 砂漿配合比設計strength standard deviation 強度標準差trial strength 試配強度,Back,Chapter 6,Wall Materials,Words and Phases,wall material 墻體材料roof material屋面材料wall bricks 砌墻磚fired brick燒結磚fired clay brick普通粘土磚fired porous brick燒結多孔磚fired hollow brick燒結空心磚autoclaved brick蒸養(壓)磚wall blocks墻用砌塊,Chapter

    30、6,Words and Phases,small-size hollow block小型空心砌塊fly ash and silicate medium-size block粉煤灰硅酸鹽中型砌塊bricks 磚blocks 砌塊plywood 板材porous brick多孔磚hollow brick空心磚solid brick實心磚clay brick粘土磚,Chapter 6,Words and Phases,fly ash brick粉煤灰磚coal mine waste brick煤矸石磚variable coefficient 變形系數standard deviation 標準差fly

    31、 ash waste 粉煤灰渣 small-size block小砌塊 medium-size block中砌塊 large-size block大砌塊 cement concrete block水泥混凝土砌塊,Chapter 6,Words and Phases,fly ash concrete block 粉煤灰硅酸鹽混凝土砌塊plaster block石膏砌塊porous block多孔砌塊sintered block燒結砌塊fly ash and silicate medium-size block粉煤灰硅酸鹽中型砌塊frost-resistance 抗凍性,Chapter 6,sto

    32、nework石砌體normal concrete hollow block普通混凝土空心砌塊lightweight aggregate concrete block輕骨料混凝土砌塊relative water content相對含水率dry shrinkage干縮率thermal conductivity導熱系數,Words and Phases,Back,Chapter 7,Building Steels,Back,Words and Phases,building steels建筑鋼材profile steel (steel section) 型鋼steel angle角鋼steel pl

    33、ates 鋼板steel bar for concrete reinforcement (bar) 鋼筋steel wire鋼絲colored metal有色金屬blackness metal黑色金屬 pig iron生鐵,Chapter 7,Words and Phases,molten iron 生鐵水smelt 冶煉oxidation 氧化reduction 還原 deoxidize 脫氧cast ingot 鑄錠oxygen converter氧氣轉爐 even furnace平爐 electric cooker電爐,Chapter 7,Words and Phases,melt mo

    34、lten iron 熔融鐵水carbon steel 碳素鋼alloy steel合金鋼coke 焦炭 iron ore 鐵礦石 char 炭 impurities 氧化物deoxidant 脫氧劑boiling steel沸騰鋼,Chapter 7,Words and Phases,sedation steel鎮靜鋼special sedation steel特殊鎮靜鋼low carbon steel 低碳鋼medium carbon steel中碳鋼 carbon steel 碳素鋼 high carbon steel高碳鋼low alloy steel低合金鋼medium alloy s

    35、teel中合金鋼alloy steel 合金鋼,Chapter 7,Words and Phases,high alloy steel高合金鋼deoxidation degree脫氧程度common steel 普通鋼high quality steel優質鋼advanced high quality steel高級優質鋼structure Steel 結構鋼tool Steel 工具鋼special steel特殊鋼stainless steel 不銹鋼,Chapter 7,Words and Phases,heat-resistant steel耐熱鋼wear-resistant stee

    36、l耐磨鋼tool刀具steel tool量具mould模具impact toughness沖擊韌性fatigue strength疲勞強度cold bending property冷彎性能welding property焊接性能,Chapter 7,Words and Phases,yield stress屈服強度tensile strength抗拉強度elongation伸長率flexibility phase彈性階段yield phase屈服階段 aggrandizement phase強化階段 shrunken phase頸縮階段 yield point屈服點yield tensile

    37、ratio屈強比,Chapter 7,Words and Phases,cross-section 斷面rupture斷裂cold working冷加工cold drawing冷拉cold drawn冷拔rigidity硬度aging時效aging sensitivity時效敏感性strengthen強化,Chapter 7,Words and Phases,crystal晶體crystal lattice晶格aberration畸變crystal grains晶粒slid 滑移steel bar for reinforced concrete鋼筋carbon structural steel

    38、碳素結構鋼 codenames 牌號mechanical property力學性能,Chapter 7,Words and Phases,technical property技術標準impact-resistance抗沖擊性能low-alloy and high-tensile steel低合金高強度結構鋼abrasive resistance耐磨性corrosion resistance耐蝕性low temperature resistance耐低溫性hot-roll steel熱軋鋼筋cold rolled twisted steel冷拔低碳鋼絲,Chapter 7,Words and P

    39、hases,cold-drawing steel 冷拉鋼絲prestressing strand 鋼絞線ingot 鋼錠steel wire and strand of prestressed concrete預應力砼用鋼絲、鋼絞線 heat treatment steel of prestressed concrete預應力砼用熱處理鋼筋cold rolled ribbed steel wires and bars冷軋帶肋鋼絲、鋼筋,Back,Chapter 8,Water Proofing Materials,Back,Words and Phases,water proofing mat

    40、erial防水材料petroleum asphalt石油瀝青waterproof sheet 防水卷材high polymer modified bituminous sheet material高聚物改性瀝青防水卷材SBS modified bituminous sheet material SBS改性瀝青防水材料elastomer bituminous sheet material彈性體瀝青防水卷材,Chapter 8,Words and Phases,APP modified bituminous sheet material APP改性瀝青防水卷材plastomer bituminou

    41、s sheet material塑性體瀝青防水卷材synthetic polymer water proof sheet合成高分子防水卷材waterproof conformation 防水構造 rigidity waterproof剛性防水 soft waterproof柔性防水 waterproof concrete 防水混凝土,Chapter 8,Words and Phases,waterproof sheet防水卷材 waterproof coating防水涂料 joint material嵌縫材料asphalt base water proofing material瀝青基防水材料

    42、high polymer modified asphalt高聚物改性瀝青synthetic polymer water proofing material合成高分子防水材料,Chapter 8,Words and Phases,modified asphalt改性瀝青coal tar煤焦油 resin 樹脂rubber橡膠synthetic polymer material合成高分子材料polymer高聚物distillation蒸餾crude oil 石油原油,Chapter 8,Words and Phases,building petroleum asphalt建筑石油瀝青pavemen

    43、t petroleum asphalt道路石油瀝青ordinary petroleum asphalt普通石油瀝青oil component 油分asphaltene 瀝青質 viscosity粘度adhesive ability粘結性temperature stability溫度穩定性,Chapter 8,Words and Phases,paraffinsoften point軟化點penetration degree針入度colloid structure 膠體結構 sol type溶膠型 sol-gel type溶凝型gel type凝膠型,Chapter 8,Words and Ph

    44、ases,micelle膠團hydrophobic material憎水性材料adhesive force附著力relative viscosity 相對粘度solid or semi-solid petroleum asphalt固體或半固體石油瀝青 liquid petroleum asphalt液體石油瀝青 normal viscosity標準粘度,Chapter 8,Words and Phases,penetrometer針入度儀 ductility延度standard viscidity標準粘度normal viscidity instrument標準粘度計 ring and ba

    45、ll softening point instrument環球法軟化點儀distortion變形glycerine甘油,Chapter 8,Words and Phases,atmosphere stability大氣穩定性(耐久性)evaporation蒸發oven烘箱solubility溶解度cohesion粘性bituminous waterproof sheet material瀝青防水卷材synthetic high polymer sheet合成高分子卷材,Chapter 8,Words and Phases,flexibility柔韌性mechanical strength機械強

    46、度 breaking ability抗斷裂性flexible sheet waterproof material可卷曲片狀防水材料modified bituminous改性瀝青 support胎體 surface material覆面材料,Chapter 8,fabric纖維織物Words and Phases of Chapter Eightfelt 纖維氈polyethylene membrane 聚乙烯膜fiberglass玻璃纖維polyester felt聚酯氈impermeability不透水性heat resistance ability耐熱度elasticity柔度therma

    47、lplastic 熱塑料water impermeability 不透水性,Chapter 8,Words and Phases,Chapter 9,Bituminous Mixture,Back,Words and Phases,bituminous mixture: 瀝青混合料mineral aggregate: 礦質集料mineral mixture: 礦質混合物petroleum asphalt admixture material: 石油瀝青混合料coal asphalt admixture material: 煤瀝青混合料hot-mixed and hot-spread: 熱拌熱鋪

    48、,Chapter 9,Words and Phases,hot-mixed and cool-spread: 熱拌冷鋪cool-mixed and cool-spread: 冷拌冷鋪hypothermia flexibility: 低溫柔性surface theory: 表面理論adhesive cement theory: 膠漿理論dense-suspended type: 密實懸浮型framework-interstice type: 骨架空隙型,Chapter 9,Words and Phases,dense-framework type: 密實骨架型continuity dense grading: 連續型密級配continuity open-graded: 連續型開級配discontinuity dense grading: 間斷型密級配coulomb theory: 庫侖理論shear resistance: 抗剪強度triaxial shear test: 三軸剪切實驗,

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